Published 16 May, 2020

Basic Biology Quiz To Test Your Knowledge

by Nitroquiz Official | GK Quiz

Science is study of nature, biology is a branch of science where we study about life, living things, their structures, features and functions. The best thing about science is that its adventurous, you get to discover things.

Take this quiz find out what you know or not through this basic biology test quiz. There are questions from Botany (plant science) and more. Complete the quiz and we'll score you based on your performance

1. Which greenhouse gas is known as a Laughing Gas?
A. Carbon Dioxide
B. Methane
C. Nitrous Oxide
D. Water Vapour
2. Who is known as the father of Botany, the plant science?
A. Gregor Mendel
B. Robert Hook
C. Aristotle
D. Theophrastus
3. A type of drug that kills bacteria is known as?
A. Anti Biotic
B. Anti Virus
C. Poison
D. Venom
4. Who discovered the antibiotic Penicillin?
A. Alexander Fleming
B. Edward Jenner
C. Louis Pasteur
D. Jonas Salk
5. The vascular tissue in plants which conducts water and dissolved nutrients upwards from the root is called?
A. Phloem
B. Xylem
C. Cambium
D. Meristem
6. A green molecule found in plants that absorbs sunlight during photosynthesis is known as?
A. Cell Wall
B. Plastids
C. Chlorophyll
D. Stomata
7. Which of the following plants is a good source of Biodiesel?
A. Sugarcanes
B. Rice
C. Jatropha
D. Mustard
8. What is the pH of blood?
A. 6
B. 7
C. 7.4
D. 8
9. Which organ in the human body can store blood and therefore is known as a blood bank?
A. Kidneys
B. Spleen
C. Gall Bladder
D. Heart
10. Hemoglobin is a component of?
A. White Blood Cells
B. Heart Cells
C. Brain Cells
D. Red Blood Cells
11. What is the primary function of the White Blood Cells or WBCs?
A. Transport Oxygen
B. Transport Nutrients
C. Fight Infections
D. Transport Carbon dioxide
12. Which of the following pigments give the skin their color?
A. Keratin
B. Calcium
C. Melanin
D. Hair Follicles
13. The condition of lack of enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your body's tissues is known as?
A. Anameia
B. Hypertension
C. Hypotension
D. Bradycardia
14. Which hormone is known for the fight or flight response?
A. Thyroxin
B. Adrenaline
C. Testesterone
D. Cortisol
15. Who gave the double helix structure of the DNA?
A. Gregor Mendel
B. Thomas Hunt Morgan
C. Watson and Francis Crick
D. William Batson
16. Who first discovered bacteria?
A. Antony Leeuwenhoek
B. Robert Hook
C. Thomas Young
D. Galileo
17. What is the chemical name of Vitamin C?
A. Citric acid
B. Hydrochloric acid
C. Ascorbic acid
D. Oxalic acid
18. What do proteins in the food we eat change into during the digestion process?
A. Glucose
B. Amino acids
C. Maltose
D. Peptose
19. Who devised the cell theory that every living thing is made up of cells which are the fundamental unit of life?
A. Robert Hooke
B. Charles Darwin
C. Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann.
D. Gregor Mendel
20. An onion is a modified form of?
A. Leaf
B. Stem
C. Root
D. Fruit
21. What is the pollinating agent of Maize or Corn?
A. Water
B. Air
C. Insect
D. Other Plants
22. Dehydration is caused due to loss of?
A. Salts
B. Vitamins
C. Hormones
D. Water
23. Which gas is a byproduct of photosynthesis?
A. Carbon Dioxide
B. Methane
C. Oxygen
D. Nitrogen
24. Which gland controls or maintains the body temperature?
A. Hypothalamus Gland
B. Pituitary Gland
C. Thyroid
D. Penal
25. The presence of which of the following component differentiates a plant cell from an animal cell?
A. Chloroplasts
B. Cell Wall
C. Cell Membrane
D. Nucleus
26. Which of the following is not a digestive enzyme?
A. Pepsin
B. Renin
C. Insulin
D. Amylopsin
27. Who put forth the Theory of Evolution?
A. Aristotle
B. Gregor Mendel
C. Charles Darwin
D. Robert Hooke
28. Myopia and Hypermetropia are diseases associated with which of the following organs?
A. Heart
B. Lungs
C. Stomach
D. Eyes
29. What is the source of oxygen generated during the process of photosynthesis?
A. Water
B. Carbon Dioxide
C. Soil
D. Minerals
30. Carbohydrates in animals are stored int the form of?
A. Glucose
B. Starch
C. Glycogen
D. Sucrose
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